Edd Mann Developer

Advent of Code 2015 - Day 2 - I Was Told There Would Be No Math

The second day of Advent of Code 2015 brings us a small Math problem by-way of Elves running-low on wrapping paper. With the Present dimensions (perfect right rectangular prisms) provided we are answer several related questions.

Part 1

Based on the supplied Present dimensions we are required to calculate how much square-feet of wrapping paper should be ordered to wrap these presents. We are also asked to include alittle extra (the area of the smallest side) per present included.

Similiar to Day 1 we will start of by parsing the provided input, this time into tuples.

type PresentDimensions = [length: number, width: number, height: number];

const parsePresentDimensions = (input: string): PresentDimensions[] =>
    .map(line => line.split('x').map(toInt) as PresentDimensions);

I have decided to be alittle more relaxed with my parsing validation this time around, instead opting to assume that each input line will be of the correct form. This allows me to just map over the resulting split, converting each dimension into an integer using a small helper method.

With the input now parsed we can go about calculating how much wrapping paper we will require.

const part1 = (input: string): number =>
    .map(([l, w, h]) => {
      const area = [l * w, w * h, h * l];
      return 2 * area.reduce(sum) + Math.min(...area);

Mapping over each of the dimensions we are able to calculate how much wrapping paper is required (the surface area) per present, including the desired additional extra paper. With this mapped result we can then sum these together (using another helper method I have included to help aid clarity in the solutions) to produce the desired answer 🌟. We could have alternatively achieved this with a single reduce but I opted for the initial map for readability.

Part 2

With the same input we are now instead asked to determine the total feet of ribben the Elves should order to tie and bow a ribben around all the provided presents. The total feet required per present is equal to the cubic feet of volume of the given dimensions.

const part2 = (input: string): number =>
    .map(dimensions => {
      const [x, y] = dimensions.sort((a, b) => a - b);
      return 2 * (x + y) + dimensions.reduce(product);

Using a similar map we are able to calculate the required ribben per present and then reduce this into the total sum required 🌟.

Alternatively, as there are three dimensions and we wish to find the sum of the smallest two - we can add all the dimensions together and subtract the maximum dimension value.

const part2 = (input: string): number =>
    .map(d => 2 * (d.reduce(sum) - Math.max(...d)) + d.reduce(product))

This removes the need to perform the sort and produces a succinct one-liner.